Religions of the World and Ecology home

Fazlun Khalid is the Founder Director of the Islamic Foundation for Ecology and Environmental Sciences, the International Convenor of the Alliance of Religion and Conservation, and a consultant to WWF. He is author of Qur'an, Creation and Conservation and editor of Islam and Ecology.



Abstract of paper given at Islam and Ecology conference:
Foundations of Consumerism: An Islamic Critique of the Root Causes of Environmental Degradation

This paper will examine two root causes of the environmental problems we experience today and propose that they are embedded in the political/economic system that now dominates the planet. It will argue that the Cartesian proposition that humans are "lords and masters of creation" together with an economic model built on an usurious banking system has created a consumer civilization built on endless unsustainable growth. The second part of the analysis will attempt to delineate what is seen as the paradigm of the natural order based on four principals--Tawhid, Fitra, Mizan, and Khalifa--drawn from the Qur'an.

Back to Islam and Ecology conference participants