B. C. Lodha, M.Sc., Ph.D., F.B.S., is currently Vice-Chancellor, Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun, Rajasthan, India. Earlier he served as Assistant Professor in the Department of Botany, Rajasthan University, Jaipur (1964-77). In 1967-68 he visited the University of Toronto as a Post-Doctorate Fellow of the National Research Council of Canada. He served as Associate Professor in Plant Pathology in Haryana Agricultural University (1977-84) and then as Professor and Head of the Department of Plant Pathology in Rajasthan Agricultural University until February 1984.
His major research interests focus on the ecology and systematics of fungi and biological control of soil borne plant diseases. He is the former President of the Mycological Society of India, a previous executive council member (1990-94) of the International Mycological Association (IMA); currently a member of the International Committee on Plant Pathology Teaching and Training (1988-93; 1993-98); and is National representative and Committee member of the IMA Committee for Asia. He has published more than 50 research papers in journals of international repute and chapters in books on mycological research topics, which are highly appreciated by the academic world, and he has undertaken numerous academic visits to universities and institutes in North America, Europe, Japan, Taiwan, and Australia.
Abstract of paper given at Jainism and Ecology
Ecology is the other name of Jainism. Jainism from the times of Mahavira (600 B.C.) has provided classified, minute details of all living beings, and for their protection has suggested some codes of conduct for its believers. It has also given maximum emphasis on "Aparigraha" (non-possession) for and limitation of wants. It envisaged that if a person by self-realization follows non-violence and non-possession to the extent one is willing to inculcate in practice, these principles in one's life will cause minimum interference in nature, and thereby protect oneself. Attempt has been made in this paper to enumerate some of the details of Jain codes of conduct and discuss their direct relationship to the protection of the individual and the environment as understood today.