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Wangari Maathai was Kenya's first woman Ph.D., and at 38 the first to become associate professor at the University of Nairobi. She is the founder and coordinator of the Greenbelt Movement in Kenya which has been introduced into 12 African countries and through which more than 20 million trees have been planted to combat deforestation and desertification. She has become known as the "Tree Woman of Kenya" and is recognized as one of Africa's leading environmentalists. She has won many awards, including the Alternative Nobel Prize and The Right Livelihood Award in 1984, and The Hunger Project's Africa Prize for Leadership and the Goldman Award for Environmental Activity in 1991.


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