Mary Pearl is the Executive Director of Wildlife Preservation Trust International. She also serves as associate director of the Center for Environmental Research and Conservation, a consortium of biodiversity research institutions based at Columbia University. She is a founder of the Center for Conservation Medicine, a partnership of WPTI with Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine. She is the co-editor of Conservation for the 21st Century, a volume of international authorship that was the first to bring together biologists, resource managers, and environmental ethicists. She received her doctorate from Yale and has published widely in the field of biodiversity conservation.