Darrell Posey, Ph.D., is Director of the Programme for Traditional Resource Rights of the Oxford Centre for the Environment, Ethics & Society at Mansfield College, University of Oxford. He is also Professor of Biological Sciences at the Federal University of Maranhao, Brazil, and Scientific Director of the Institute for Ethnobiology of the Amazon, Belem, Brazil. Dr. Posey is a founder and Past President of the International Society for Ethnobiology and recipient of the United Nations Environmental Programme's "Global 500" Award. His most recent published books include: Beyond Intellectual Property Rights, Traditional Resource Rights, and Indigenous Peoples and Sustainability. He has just completed Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity to be published by UNEP and Cambridge University Press.
Abstract of paper given at
Indigenous Traditions and Ecology
Darrell Posey and Thomas Greaves
The struggles of indigenous societies against Western intruders is centuries old, and probably never will reach a stable equilibrium as long as indigenous communities continue to exist. In a phrase, the struggle is never over. Nonetheless, the late 20th Century has witnessed a series of striking indigenous successes, some of them astonishing. These remarks will attempt to take stock of five major theaters of struggle - subsistence rights, sovereignty, intellectual property, sacred sites, and cultural futures - and identify the prospects of further success and central factors governing each.